Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), History, Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

Introduction to Hanbali Fiqh

Notes from Abu Zahra’s ‘The Four Imams: Their Lives, Works, and Their Schools of Thought’ Overview of Imam Ahmad’s Life Imam Ahmad did not write a book on fiqh (jurisprudence) In the beginning of his career, he refused anything to be recorded from him on the subject of fiqh. He didn’t consider it proper He would even forbid transmitting books from other jurists He would even forbid his students to write down his own fatwas and opinions Later in life his students convinced him and he allowed them to transmit his fatwas and opinions He learned from Shafi’ the method…

Continue Reading

Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Invalidators of Wudu in Hanbali Fiqh

There is a difference of opinion among Muslims scholars as to what exactly breaks one’s wudu. The evidences behind the rulings are discussed in more advanced classes. In the Hanbali school, the following eight things are considered to invalidate one’s wudu: Anything that comes out of the two private parts It does not matter if it’s something impure like urine or pure like a stone, as long as it comes out of one of the two private parts, it will invalidate the wudu. Any impurity that comes out of the rest of the body If it is urine or stool,…

Continue Reading

Aqeedah (Theology)

Islam: Not All Paths Lead to God. Just One

There is this false idea among many people today that all paths lead to God and all religions are equal. Unfortunately, this idea has also crept into the minds of some Muslims and I have discussed it previously in another post. This belief is in complete contradiction to explicit verses in the Qur’an, statements of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), and the historical consensus of Muslims scholars, where Islam is seen as the only way to salvation and the only religion accepted by the Creator. For example, there are numerous verses in the Qur’an that criticize idol worship, polytheism, the divinity of…

Continue Reading

Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

An Overview of the Hanbali School of Law

Most Famous of Ahmad’s Teachers Abu Yusuf Al-Qadhi Hasheem ibn Basheer Al-Shafi’ Some said they were more like peers who benefited from each another Ismail ibn ‘Aliyah Wakee’ Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah Abu Dawud al-Tiyalisi Na’eem ibn Hammad And many others Most Famous of Ahmad’s Students Salih ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Abu Dawud al-Sajastani Abu Bakr al-Athram Harb al-Kirmani Ishaq ibn Hani’ Hanbal ibn Ishaq Abu Zur’ah al-Razi Imam Bukhari Imam Muslim And many others Most Famous of Ahmad’s Books Al-Musnad Fadhail al-Sahabah Al-‘Ilal wa al-Ma’rifat al-Rijal Al-Asami wa al-Kuna Al-Zuhd Al-Radd alaa al-Zanadiqah wa al-Jahmiyyah…

Continue Reading

Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Ikhlas: A Brief Explanation

Introduction This chapter was revealed during the Meccan period. It discusses the attributes of Allah the Exalted, the One and Unique. The chapter compiles some of Allah’s perfect attributes that exist at all times. Allah is One who is free of any need, deficient attributes, similarity, and resemblance. It is also a refutation against the Christians who said that Allah is three (Father, Son, and Holy Ghost) and the idol worshipers who ascribed to Him descendants and progeny. Explanation of the Verses Say, He is Allah, [who is] One Say O’ Messenger: He is Allah, the One unique in His…

Continue Reading

Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Falaq: A Brief Explanation

Introduction This chapter was revealed during the Meccan period. The chapter teaches the slaves to resort to the protection of Al-Rahman (the Most Gracious) and to seek refuge in His greatness and power from the evils of His creation. Allah explicitly mentions the evils of the night after dark because that is usually when people feel alienation [out of fear] and when evils and obscenity spread. There is also mention of seeking refuge in Allah from every envier and magician. This chapter along with Surah al-Naas are called al-Mu’awwidhatan (المعوذتان), which some translate as ‘the verses of refuge’ and the…

Continue Reading

Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Naas: A Brief Explanation

Introduction This chapter was revealed during the Meccan period. It is one of the two al-Mu’awwidhatan (المعوذتان), which some translate as ‘the verses of refuge’, in the Qur’an. The other one being Surah al-Falaq. In this chapter, there is mention of seeking protection and refuge in the Lord from the evil of the greatest enemy: Iblees and his devilish helpers from among the mankind and jinn. Allah finished His book with the verses of refuge and began it with Surah Al-Fatiha in order to gather the good between the beginning and end. This is a beautiful combination because the slave…

Continue Reading