Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

How to Properly Perform the Istikhara Prayer

Why Do We Pray Istikhara Prayer (صلاة الاستخارة)? This prayer is prescribed because a believer comes across numerous choices in his/her life that leaves him/her puzzled and uncertain about which choice to make. This may lead him/her to be unable to make a decision due to fear of making the wrong choice. Therefore, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) advised the believers to use this prayer as a form of seeking guidance from Allah on the matter. The specific supplication (du’a) prescribed by the Prophet (pbuh) asks Allah to guide the decision of the person to whatever is good for him/her in…

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Islamic Texts
Seeking Knowledge, Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

Islamic Philosophy of Knowledge

The following are my notes from a lecture explaining one of the chapters in Shaykh al-Uthyameen’s book al-Usool min ‘ilm al-Usool. It is a basic level book on Hanbali usool. Definition of knowledge: Knowledge is a definitive realization of something based on its true reality Not having any realization or understanding of something is referred to as plain ignorance Ex: if someone asks you when the battle of Badr took place and you respond, “I don’t know.” Realization or understanding of something based on a false reality is referred to as compound ignorance Ex: if someone thinks that the battle…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Things Considered Impure (Najas) in Hanbali Fiqh

There is a difference of opinion among Muslims scholars as to what type of things are considered impure (najas). The evidences behind their conclusions are discussed in more advanced classes. In the Hanbali school, the following things are considered impure (najas): Any intoxicating liquid This includes any hashisha that intoxicates Any bird or animal that is not allowed to be eaten and is larger than a cat Examples: lions, wolves, dogs, pigs, eagles, elephants, vultures, etc. Anything originating from such animals is also considered impure, such as, their saliva, snot, meat, milk, sperm, urine, feces, etc. Any carcass that has flowing blood…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), History, Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

Introduction to Hanbali Fiqh

Notes from Abu Zahra’s ‘The Four Imams: Their Lives, Works, and Their Schools of Thought’ Overview of Imam Ahmad’s Life Imam Ahmad did not write a book on fiqh (jurisprudence) In the beginning of his career, he refused anything to be recorded from him on the subject of fiqh. He didn’t consider it proper He would even forbid transmitting books from other jurists He would even forbid his students to write down his own fatwas and opinions Later in life his students convinced him and he allowed them to transmit his fatwas and opinions He learned from Shafi’ the method…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Invalidators of Wudu in Hanbali Fiqh

There is a difference of opinion among Muslims scholars as to what exactly breaks one’s wudu. The evidences behind the rulings are discussed in more advanced classes. In the Hanbali school, the following eight things are considered to invalidate one’s wudu: Anything that comes out of the two private parts It does not matter if it’s something impure like urine or pure like a stone, as long as it comes out of one of the two private parts, it will invalidate the wudu. Any impurity that comes out of the rest of the body If it is urine or stool,…

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Aqeedah (Theology)

Islam: Not All Paths Lead to God. Just One

There is this false idea among many people today that all paths lead to God and all religions are equal. Unfortunately, this idea has also crept into the minds of some Muslims and I have discussed it previously in another post. This belief is in complete contradiction to explicit verses in the Qur’an, statements of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), and the historical consensus of Muslims scholars, where Islam is seen as the only way to salvation and the only religion accepted by the Creator. For example, there are numerous verses in the Qur’an that criticize idol worship, polytheism, the divinity of…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

An Overview of the Hanbali School of Law

Most Famous of Ahmad’s Teachers Abu Yusuf Al-Qadhi Hasheem ibn Basheer Al-Shafi’ Some said they were more like peers who benefited from each another Ismail ibn ‘Aliyah Wakee’ Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah Abu Dawud al-Tiyalisi Na’eem ibn Hammad And many others Most Famous of Ahmad’s Students Salih ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Abu Dawud al-Sajastani Abu Bakr al-Athram Harb al-Kirmani Ishaq ibn Hani’ Hanbal ibn Ishaq Abu Zur’ah al-Razi Imam Bukhari Imam Muslim And many others Most Famous of Ahmad’s Books Al-Musnad Fadhail al-Sahabah Al-‘Ilal wa al-Ma’rifat al-Rijal Al-Asami wa al-Kuna Al-Zuhd Al-Radd alaa al-Zanadiqah wa al-Jahmiyyah…

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