A Muslim’s Guide to the Stock Market: Beginner Level

About a year or so ago, I was encouraged to read the highly popular personal finance book Rich Dad, Poor Dad and developed a sensational interest in stocks and investments in general. But there was just one problem. I knew nothing about the subject. How do they work? How do I buy and sell them? How do I know which ones to buy? What about the Islamic aspect? How can I know if they are halal or haram? What’s a mutual fund?

So this led me on a quest of many weeks to do an intense self-study on the stock market and try to figure it out. I took notes, which I’ve linked to in the guide below, read a book or two, watched videos, read numerous articles, and bookmarked a large collection of websites and articles discussing the subject of stocks and investments in general. I even looked into Islamic rulings on stocks and bookmarked various fatwas on the issue as well.

I am happy to say that after all of that I was able to understand the market at at least a basic level to be able to delve into the subject. I even bought and sold some individual stocks just for fun and practice. I am now confident enough say that I have a better understanding of stocks and investments than I did before my quest. I’m no expert but I know enough to be able to weigh my options.

I’ve just recently realized that there are many other Muslims that are in the same boat that I was. They don’t understand how stocks work at all but are interested in the subject. They especially want to understand it from the Islamic perspective as well before delving into the craft. So I’ve decided to write a guide of sort and give resources and links to all the research that I did that helped me understand the stock market better. Below is my complete guide. I’ve left the Islamic part at the end because you need to understand how the market works before delving into the fatwas regarding it. Reading the fatwas without understand how the market works first may confuse you. Just be patient and go through the whole guide and it will start to make sense after a while insha’Allah.

If anyone finds anything missing, please let us know in the comments section below. I’ve added a few newer stuff that I found while writing up this article.

Disclaimer – The links and resources below are what helped me personally understand the subject. I am not guaranteeing that it will do the same for you. I am only relaying this information to help my brothers and sisters who are in the same boat that I was in before. I am hoping that they will get enough out of it to at least be able to have a basic understanding of how investments, particularly stocks, work.


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Video Tutorials | Written Tutorials | Books | Articles | Tools | Useful Websites to Follow | Islamic Rulings on Stocks | Islamic Based Investment Companies | Conclusion


Video Tutorials

Bonds are exclusively interest based and should be avoided by Muslims. Just indicating that here because some of the videos below delve into it. There will be more on this in the fatwa section.

Khan Academy’s Course on Stocks and Bonds – You can utilize my notes here from it as an extra resource.

Khan Academy’s Course on investment vehicles, insurance, and retirement

Udemy’s Course on Investing for Beginners

3 Rules to Investing

How to Invest in Stocks and Bonds for Beginners

Investing 101: Stocks, Bonds, 401K, Cash, Portfolios, Asset Allocation, Etc.

Value Investing Course – This used to be a Udemy course and was very informative but for some reason they have taken it down. I am providing the link to the notes that I took instead.

Written Tutorials

Stock Basics

The Complete Beginner’s Guide to Investing in Stock

Introduction To Fundamental Analysis

The Beginner’s Guide to Investing in Mutual Funds: What Mutual Funds Are, How Mutual Funds Work, and Much More

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

IPO Basics

Investment Risk Course

Books

Rich Dad, Poor Dad

The Only Investment Guide You’ll Ever Need

A Beginner’s Guide to Investing: How to Grow Your Money the Smart and Easy Way

Picking Stocks: A Practical Guide to Investing in the Stock Market

A List of Recommended Books for Investors

Articles

Defining the 3 Types of Investments

10 Questions to Ask Before You Buy a Stock

Analyze a Stock in 12 Easy Steps

How to Invest in Stocks: A Beginner’s Guide to Investing in Stocks

When a Stock Price Falls, What Happens to Your Money?

How to Research a Stock

How To Do Stock Market Research

What is the cheapest, fastest way to research, buy and trade stock?

5 Essential Things You Need To Know About Every Stock You Buy

How To Pick A Stock

What Is A Dividend?

Dividend Investing 101

Myths and Facts About Dividend Investing

Dividend Yield

Reading the Balance Sheet

Understanding the Income Statement

6 Dangerous Moves for First-Time Investors

5 Must-Have Metrics for Value Investors

Mutual Funds: Does Size Really Matter?

Return On Investment – ROI

A Guide to Calculating Return on Investment

Understanding Stock Quotes

How to Read a Stock Chart in Just Five Seconds

What Is a Good Return on Your Investments?

Tools

Online brokers to Buy and Sell Stocks

There are many different websites out there but following are among the more popular ones.

Robinhood – This is a popular free trading app. Usually, it costs around 10 to trade in stocks. But this app lets you do it completely for free. It’s quite popular among the younger and beginner level investors.

E-Trade – This is a popular website to trade stocks and has a fee associated with trading in stocks.

Motif Investing – This is another fee based stock trader.  It has some unique aspects though. It allows investors to choose from over 100 pre-built portfolios of 20-30 stocks, to customize existing motifs, or to create a brand new, unique portfolio all for a low execution cost of $9.95. So in a way, it’s a customizable mutual fund that you can manage on your own. You can add or remove stocks as you wish from a motif or designate a particular percentage for each stock in your motif. So if you have a motif of 25 stocks, you can say ‘I want to invest $200 and distribute 4% to each stock.’ This way Motif will automatically invest $8 in each of your 25 stocks. You can also customize and choose how much more or less do you want to invest in each stock in your motif.

Stock Screeners

A stock screener is a tool that investors and traders can use to filter stocks based on user-defined metrics. Investors use screeners to find stocks that are poised to perform well over time. They allow investors and traders to analyze hundreds of stocks in a short period of time, making it possible to weed out those stocks that don’t meet the user’s requirements and focus on the instruments that are within the user-defined metrics. Stock screeners are offered on many websites and trading platforms. You can also use them to see a history of the stock you want to research or buy. You can see how the stock has done over the past few years. I personally have used the following only:

Finviz – This is a popular screener among traders and is very detailed. It even provides financial information on stock companies. If you want to do thorough research, then this is one of the places to go.

Yahoo Finance – Yahoo allows you links to the financial information of the company as well to view their income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow but, unfortunately, doesn’t have that information always available for every stock.

Google’s Stock Screener

Useful Websites to Follow

I recommend following the following websites to keep up to date the market situation. Like them on facebook, twitter, get on their e-mail list, etc.

Investopedia

The Balance

StockTwits

Recently Priced IPOs – This lists the latest new stocks that have just come on the market. If you can find that right stock that has potential for great growth, you could do well with early investment.

10 Financial Websites That Help You Stay On Top Of The Market

Islamic Rulings on Stocks

As the fatwas and articles below will show, stock trading in general is permissible as long as certain conditions are met. Therefore, not all stocks are permissible for Muslims to trade with and precaution should be taken by God-conscious Muslims.

Investing in stock market: the Shariah way

Guidelines on investing in stocks

Shares in the Stock Market

Buying shares in a company with mixed assets (halal with haram)

Ruling on Short Selling Stock

Do I have to pay zakat on my stocks?

Ruling on Commodities on Stock Exchange

General guidelines on trading stocks

Binary options contracts are prohibited in Islam

Halal Mutual funds and 401k

Rulings on Mutual Funds

Allowed percentage of questionable income of stock companies

Islamic Investment questions

20 questions related to the stock market

Working With Islamic Finance – This is a non-Muslim website but has a nice write up on the topic and includes a section on stocks.

Islamic Based Investment Companies

Since for most people trying to figure out which stocks are halal and which are not is a hassle and not an easy task, there are many Muslim based investment companies out there that do the heavy lifting of Sharia compliant stock research for you. Following are a few that I am aware of:

Wahed Invest – They play more a role of investment advisers. They ask you a few questions and assess your risk tolerance and ideal investment strategy. Then based on your risk level, they recommend to you investment options. If you’re happy with it, then you can fund your account and invest and hope it does well. So you have a lot more control in what types of things you invest in.

Amana Mutual Funds – They choose the Sharia compliant investments for you without asking you. Your only job is to tell them what type of fund you want to invest in (income, growth, etc.) and they will take it from there. It’s a good option if you don’t want much control and just want to do things on auto pilot.

Azzad Mutual Funds – Same as Amana model

Iman Fund – Same as Amana model

Investofy – This is a recent project by Sh. Joe Bradford, an Islamic finance expert, and offers Sharia compliant trade alert service for a monthly fee. So they don’t invest anything on your behalf. They just tell you what type of stocks are Sharia compliant and what types are not.

Sharia Portfolio – They require at least $100k to be able to invest with them according one of their representatives that I spoke with at an event.

Ameen Housing – This is not a stock investment but I’m including it here because it is a Shariah compliant investment option for Muslims. Basically, they own properties from which they collect rent. Rental income from homes and any appreciation of property value is distributed as dividends among the investors.

Conclusion

As you can see from the above, stock picking requires a lot of research and work. It is not an easy task. At the end of the day, the market is unpredictable and you cannot be certain if you will keep or lose your money. Even the legendary stock picking guru Warren Buffett does not recommend delving into individual stocks. This is why if you are thinking of doing individual stock investments, then pick well established companies, diversify your portfolio, and stick in there for the long term and not short term. If you don’t want the headache of doing the research, both Islamic and secular on the particular stock, then just stick to an Islamic based, low fee investment option and keep investing a certain amount monthly into those accounts. However, if you want to delve into daily trading for the ‘love of the game’, then may Allah make it easy for you.

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Categories: Contemporary Issues, Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

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