Timeline of Gradual Revelation of Various Islamic Rulings

We know that the Qur’an was sent down over a period of 23 years. Here is a brief timeline of some of the major Islamic rulings. The information below was taken from Dr. Umar al-Ashqar’s marvelous book History of Islamic FIqh.

1 Year Before the Hijrah (1 BH)

  • Five daily prayers

1 Year After the Hijrah (1 AH)

  • The call to prayer (adhaan)
  • Fighting against the disbelievers
  • Rulings related to wife’s dowry
  • Rulings related to the wedding feast (Waleemah)

2 Years After the Hijrah (2 AH)

  • Fasting Ramadan
  • Prayer of the two Eids
  • Sacrificing animals
  • Zakkah
  • Spoils of war
  • Qiblah was changed from Jerusalem to Mecca

3 Years After the Hijrah (3 AH)

  • Inheritance law
  • Divorce
  • Shortening the prayer during travel and fear

4 Years After the Hijrah (4 AH)

  • Punishment for fornication
  • Dry ablution (tayammum)
  • Hajj
  • Punishment for slander

6 Years After the Hijrah (6 AH)

  • Prohibition of alcohol and gambling
  • Rulings related to reconciliation between disputing parties
  • Rulings related to those unable to reach the Sacred House

7 Years After the Hijrah (7 AH)

  • Prohibition of consuming donkey meat
  • Sharecropping
  • Share-tenancy

8 Years After the Hijrah (8 AH)

  • Punishment for theft

9 Years After the Hijrah (9 AH)

  • Prevention of disbelievers entering Mecca
  • Mutual imprecation

10 Years After the Hijrah (10 AH)

  • Prohibition of interest (riba)

4 thoughts on “Timeline of Gradual Revelation of Various Islamic Rulings”

      1. OK. Jazak Allah kheyran. Is it correct to assume that the progression helps us understand the priorities that the sharia laid out for us? Or that the progression says something about human nature? Could we use this for example in fiqh Al dawah?

        1. I don’t know to be honest but it seems so. I have heard multiple Shaykhs point out that the reason was to strengthen their faith. They derive from it that we cannot expect converts or newly practicing Muslims to become fully practicing overnight. It will take them time. We have to give them that space to grow on their own. Yes, we tell them like it is but don’t expect them to abide by everything immediately nor should we force them to do so. It takes time for the eemaan to grow in the heart. To be honest, it makes a lot of sense. And Allah Knows best.

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