Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

Introduction to Hanbali Usool: Explanatory Notes on Ibn ‘Uthyameen’s al-Usool min ‘ilm al-Usool

These are my complete notes on the book as taught to us by Ust. Ahmad Zayn al-‘Abidin in Arabic. Sh. Ibn ‘Uthyameen’s work is a very useful book to get an introduction to Hanbali usool. There are not enough good books in the English language on Hanbali fiqh and usool and this is my modest attempt to introduce the usool of the school to English speakers. Please note that I did not write down every single thing that Ust. Ahmad mentioned but only that which I personally found beneficial and felt was sufficient for the explanation of the text. Sh.…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Rulings on Interest (al-Ribaa) in Hanbali Fiqh

The following are my notes from the chapter on al-Ribaa (interest) from the Hanbali text Akhsar al-Mukhtasarat. The source of the notes are my teacher Sh. Muhammad Gamal Aly with whom I am studying the text and Sh. Bajabir’s commentary on the book. Definition Ribaa means an increase in a particular item. The word is derived from a root meaning increase or growth It is prohibited according to the Qur’an, Sunnah, and consensus of the scholars It is one of the seven major destructive sins It does not refer to any and every type of growth in a sale but…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Conditions for a Valid Contract in Hanbali Fiqh

There is a difference of opinion among Muslim scholars as to what constitutes a valid contract. The evidences behind their conclusions are discussed in more advanced classes. In the Hanbali school, the following seven conditions must be met for a contract to be considered valid: Both parties willingly agree to the contract If forced, then it is invalid Exception: if a ruler intercedes on behalf of the buyer because the latter’s rights were violated in some way, then in this case the ruler can force the seller to sell based on the original agreement between the two Both parties be among…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Things Considered Impure (Najas) in Hanbali Fiqh

There is a difference of opinion among Muslims scholars as to what type of things are considered impure (najas). The evidences behind their conclusions are discussed in more advanced classes. In the Hanbali school, the following things are considered impure (najas): Any intoxicating liquid This includes any hashisha that intoxicates Any bird or animal that is not allowed to be eaten and is larger than a cat Examples: lions, wolves, dogs, pigs, eagles, elephants, vultures, etc. Anything originating from such animals is also considered impure, such as, their saliva, snot, meat, milk, sperm, urine, feces, etc. Any carcass that has flowing blood…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), History, Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

Introduction to Hanbali Fiqh

Notes from Abu Zahra’s ‘The Four Imams: Their Lives, Works, and Their Schools of Thought’ Overview of Imam Ahmad’s Life Imam Ahmad did not write a book on fiqh (jurisprudence) In the beginning of his career, he refused anything to be recorded from him on the subject of fiqh. He didn’t consider it proper He would even forbid transmitting books from other jurists He would even forbid his students to write down his own fatwas and opinions Later in life his students convinced him and he allowed them to transmit his fatwas and opinions He learned from Shafi’ the method…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Invalidators of Wudu in Hanbali Fiqh

There is a difference of opinion among Muslims scholars as to what exactly breaks one’s wudu. The evidences behind the rulings are discussed in more advanced classes. In the Hanbali school, the following eight things are considered to invalidate one’s wudu: Anything that comes out of the two private parts It does not matter if it’s something impure like urine or pure like a stone, as long as it comes out of one of the two private parts, it will invalidate the wudu. Any impurity that comes out of the rest of the body If it is urine or stool,…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

An Overview of the Hanbali School of Law

Most Famous of Ahmad’s Teachers Abu Yusuf Al-Qadhi Hasheem ibn Basheer Al-Shafi’ Some said they were more like peers who benefited from each another Ismail ibn ‘Aliyah Wakee’ Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah Abu Dawud al-Tiyalisi Na’eem ibn Hammad And many others Most Famous of Ahmad’s Students Salih ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Abu Dawud al-Sajastani Abu Bakr al-Athram Harb al-Kirmani Ishaq ibn Hani’ Hanbal ibn Ishaq Abu Zur’ah al-Razi Imam Bukhari Imam Muslim And many others Most Famous of Ahmad’s Books Al-Musnad Fadhail al-Sahabah Al-‘Ilal wa al-Ma’rifat al-Rijal Al-Asami wa al-Kuna Al-Zuhd Al-Radd alaa al-Zanadiqah wa al-Jahmiyyah…

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