Hadith

Ibn Mulaqqin’s Tadhkirah: Brief Notes on Hadith Terminology

This is a translation and brief notes on the text completed by Br. Abu Hasan in 1988. It is one of the first books taught to students interested in the sciences of ĥadīth. For those who can understand Arabic, there is a good explanation of it by Sh. Abdullah al-Bukhari that can be found here. Imām Ibn Mulaqqin (723-804 AH) is a famous ĥadīth master and Shafi’ jurist. This is a list of terms used in ĥadīth sciences, which he summarised from his two-volume work on ĥadīth principles named: Al-Muqniý fī Úlūm al-Ĥadīth. Many terms are left unexplained or described…

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Contemporary Issues, Hadith

Hadith Explained: “The Sun Prostrates Under the Throne and Takes Permission to Rise Again”

It is Reported by Al-Bukhari from Abu Dharr that once the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) asked him after sunset, “Do you know where the sun goes (at the time of sunset)?” He replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” So the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) answered: “It goes and prostrates beneath the Throne, then it asks for permission (to rise) and permission is given to it. Soon it will prostrate, but it will not be accepted from it, and it will ask for permission (to rise) but permission will not be given to it; it will be said to it: “Go back…

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Hadith, Translations

Hadith of Ghuraba: Who Are the Strangers?

Source: Alukah.net, Islamreligion.com Please note that the words Allah and God are used interchangeably in the article. The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is reported to have said, “Islam began as something strange and will return to [being] something strange just as [it was] in the beginning, so glad tidings to the strangers” (Muslim). Ibn Majah narrated that it was asked, “Who are the strangers?” The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) responded, “Those (few) who left their tribes (for Islam)” (Ibn Majah). In another version, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) responded to the question by stating, “Those that correct the people when they become corrupt” (Abu Amr…

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Advice - Naseeha
Akhlaaq (Manners), Hadith, Translations

Hadith: “The Religion is Sincerity.” – A Brief Explanation

Hadith Text The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The religion is naseehah (sincerity).” We said, “To whom?” He (ﷺ) said, “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.” (Bukhari and Muslim) Explanation: This is a great hadith. It gathers all of the affairs of the religion in one expression through the statement, “The religion is naseehah.” So the Prophet (peace be upon him) defined religion as naseehah (sincerity) just as he defined Hajj as ‘Arafah [in a separate hadith]. By doing so, the Prophet is elevating its importance and position in the religion. Naseehah is [so important that it…

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Aqeedah (Theology), Hadith

Rejecting Hadiths: The Fitnah of the Quranists

There are some “Muslims” in our times who follow a recent new movement (19th-20th century) which rejects hadiths, hence, deviating from the path of mainstream Islam. They pose and comment on many issues related to Islam from their viewpoint and reject many fundamental aspects of our religion.  Worst of all, they try to present their views as the mainstream opinion. It should be made clear that they do not represent mainstream Islam or Muslims in any way or form. The ummah (nation) of Muhammad (pbuh) accepts the Qur’an and hadiths as legitimate forms of sources for deriving Islamic laws. We,…

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Hadith, Seeking Knowledge

Studying Hadith: Tips and Resources

The Arabic word hadith basically means ‘an item of news, conversation, a tale, a story or a report,’ whether historical or legendary, true or false, relating to the present or the past. Its secondary meaning as an adjective is ‘new’ as opposed to qadeem, ‘old’. However, like other Arabic words (e.g. salaah, zakaah), its meaning changed in Islaam. From the time of the Prophet (ρ), his stories and communications dominated all other forms of communication. Consequently, the term hadith began to be used almost exclusively for reports which spoke of his actions and sayings. The Fundamentals of Hadeeth Studies, P.…

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Hadith, Seeking Knowledge

Ruling on Acting on Weak Hadiths

In Islam, there is no dispute among the scholars that Qur’an and hadiths are the primary sources of Islamic law.  All issues related to the religion, particularly theology and legal rulings, must be in accordance to these two vital sources.  Any type of ruling, worship or belief that has no basis in the Qur’an or hadiths is rejected in Islam.  There is no dispute when it comes to the content of the Qur’an, however, hadiths have been scrutinized throughout Islamic history by scholars of hadith in an attempt to separate the authentically narrated reports of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa…

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