Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence) Archives - The Thinking Muslim

Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

Notes on al-Waraqat: Introduction to Usool al-Fiqh

These are my notes from the lectures of Sh. ‘Amir Bahjat, a Hanbali scholar based in Saudi Arabia, explaining the classical text on Usool al-Fiqh entitled al-Waraqat by the Shafi’ scholar Imam al-Haramayn, the teacher of the famous Imam al-Ghazali. The book gives an excellent bird’s eye view of the field of Usool al-Fiqh.  It …

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Introduction to Hanbali Usool: Explanatory Notes on Ibn ‘Uthyameen’s al-Usool min ‘ilm al-Usool

These are my complete notes on the book as taught to us by Ust. Ahmad Zayn al-‘Abidin in Arabic. Sh. Ibn ‘Uthyameen’s work is a very useful book to get an introduction to Hanbali usool. There are not enough good books in the English language on Hanbali fiqh and usool and this is my modest …

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Islamic Philosophy of Knowledge

Islamic Texts

The following are my notes from a lecture explaining one of the chapters in Shaykh al-Uthyameen’s book al-Usool min ‘ilm al-Usool. It is a basic level book on Hanbali usool. Definition of knowledge: Knowledge is a definitive realization of something based on its true reality Not having any realization or understanding of something is referred …

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An Overview of the Hanbali School of Law

Most Famous of Ahmad’s Teachers Abu Yusuf Al-Qadhi Hasheem ibn Basheer Al-Shafi’ Some said they were more like peers who benefited from each another Ismail ibn ‘Aliyah Wakee’ Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah Abu Dawud al-Tiyalisi Na’eem ibn Hammad And many others Most Famous of Ahmad’s Students Salih ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal …

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The Truth About Taqlid

By Surkheel (Abu Aaliyah) Sharif The initial era of Islam produced many great jurists and legalists: men who not only possessed exceptional acumen, but who led profoundly spiritual lives too. These jurists have been described as ‘grammarians of the Divine Word’: explaining it, systemizing it and deriving new rulings from it. Out of these many …

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Understanding Ijtihad

By Surkheel Abu Aaliyah The science that evolved in understanding the shari‘ah, or Sacred Law of Islam, is called fiqh: usually translated as “jurisprudence”, and comes from the word faqiha, meaning: “to understand”. Fiqh, therefore, is all about understanding these divine laws and the way they shape the life-pattern of believers. Strictly speaking, shari‘ah refers …

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