Islamic Texts
Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

How Muslim Scholars Deal With Perceived Contradictions in Islamic Texts

Methodology of the Majority of Scholars of Islam The perspective that guides each step of the process [for them] is maintaining the validity and viability of the evidence as far and as much as possible. Reconciling where possible – the justification is that the Lawgiver only provided the evidence in order to guide humanity to the rules He intends for them; therefore, to use all the evidence on an issue is preferable to rejecting some of it; and it is the best method for preserving the Shari’ah from charges of imperfection.  Therefore, if two seemingly contradictory pieces of evidence from…

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Culture
Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

The Role of ‘Urf (Custom) in Islamic Law

Islamic law is primarily derived from the Qur’an and Sunnah according to the consensus of the Muslim scholars.  However, there is a difference of opinion among the scholars on how to approach issues that are not explicitly and directly mentioned in these two sources.  In other words, there is no indication from the Qur’an and Sunnah on how to approach the issue.  This opens the door for ijtihaad, for a highly qualified group of scholars, to give rulings on these issues based on principles derived from the two primary sources and to utilize secondary sources, as a form of tool,…

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Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence)

Ijtihad Still Valid in Our Times?

Ijtihad in Islam refers to striving to come to the correct ruling on a particular issue based on a qualified individual’s understanding and knowledge of the sources of Islamic law. It is something which is reserved for those who meet the qualifications to engage in it, known as Mujtahids. The Mujtahid is required to have reached a certain level of knowledge by which he can correctly derive rulings from the Quran and Sunnah. Shaykh Uthyameen states, “The Mujtahid must have knowledge of the Islamic legal evidences and knowledge of the basic principles and scholarly views which, if he knows them,…

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