Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Ikhlas: A Brief Explanation

Introduction This chapter was revealed during the Meccan period. It discusses the attributes of Allah the Exalted, the One and Unique. The chapter compiles some of Allah’s perfect attributes that exist at all times. Allah is One who is free of any need, deficient attributes, similarity, and resemblance. It is also a refutation against the Christians who said that Allah is three (Father, Son, and Holy Ghost) and the idol worshipers who ascribed to Him descendants and progeny. Explanation of the Verses Say, He is Allah, [who is] One Say O’ Messenger: He is Allah, the One unique in His…

Continue Reading

Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Falaq: A Brief Explanation

Introduction This chapter was revealed during the Meccan period. The chapter teaches the slaves to resort to the protection of Al-Rahman (the Most Gracious) and to seek refuge in His greatness and power from the evils of His creation. Allah explicitly mentions the evils of the night after dark because that is usually when people feel alienation [out of fear] and when evils and obscenity spread. There is also mention of seeking refuge in Allah from every envier and magician. This chapter along with Surah al-Naas are called al-Mu’awwidhatan (المعوذتان), which some translate as ‘the verses of refuge’ and the…

Continue Reading

Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Naas: A Brief Explanation

Introduction This chapter was revealed during the Meccan period. It is one of the two al-Mu’awwidhatan (المعوذتان), which some translate as ‘the verses of refuge’, in the Qur’an. The other one being Surah al-Falaq. In this chapter, there is mention of seeking protection and refuge in the Lord from the evil of the greatest enemy: Iblees and his devilish helpers from among the mankind and jinn. Allah finished His book with the verses of refuge and began it with Surah Al-Fatiha in order to gather the good between the beginning and end. This is a beautiful combination because the slave…

Continue Reading

Tazkiyyah (Spiritual Development), Translations

Brief Explanation of the Words of Salah

The Takbeer The takbeer is repeated throughout the prayer. The prayer is started by it and positions are changed by it. الله أكبر Allah is Greater Allah is greater and higher than everything else.  Istiftaah (The Opening) There are different supplications reported in the hadith literature but the following one is the most common, therefore, I will stick to it alone. سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك، وتبارك اسمك، وتعالى جدك، ولا إله غيرك How perfect You are O Allah, and with You is all praise. Blessed be Your name, and lofty is Your position and none has the right to be worshiped…

Continue Reading

Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Fatihah: A Brief Explanation

Al-Fatihah literally means The Opening because the Qur’an opens with it. It is the first chapter (surah) of the Qur’an and is considered its ‘greatest surah’. It is seen to be a precise table of contents of the Qur’anic message because some scholars of exegesis have stated that this chapter is a summary of the whole Qur’an. Its seven verses are regularly recited at the start of every unit (rak’ah) of the prayer and this is why one of its names is The Seven Oft Repeated Verses. The ritual five daily prayers without it are considered invalid. It has other names as well, such…

Continue Reading

Tafseer, Translations

Surah Al-Kafirun: A Brief Explanation

Introduction This chapter was revealed in the Meccan period. This chapter instructs the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to inform the disbelievers that the worship of false deities and the worship of One God are not, and can never be, compatible. It takes its name from “the disbelievers” (al-kafirun) mentioned in the first verse. It is authentically narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) that he would recite this chapter in the Sunnah prayers of Fajr and Maghrib as well as in the two rak’ahs after the tawaf around the ka’ba. Why It Was Revealed The chapter was a response to some of…

Continue Reading

Hadith, Translations

Hadith of Ghuraba: Who Are the Strangers?

Source: Alukah.net, Islamreligion.com Please note that the words Allah and God are used interchangeably in the article. The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is reported to have said, “Islam began as something strange and will return to [being] something strange just as [it was] in the beginning, so glad tidings to the strangers” (Muslim). Ibn Majah narrated that it was asked, “Who are the strangers?” The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) responded, “Those (few) who left their tribes (for Islam)” (Ibn Majah). In another version, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) responded to the question by stating, “Those that correct the people when they become corrupt” (Abu Amr…

Continue Reading